ACRIMSAT : Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite
The ACRIMSAT Mission was aimed at measuring Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) during its five-year mission life. The spacecraft was launched on December 20, 1999 as a secondary payload on a Taurus launch vehicle. The mission was funded by NASA through the Earth Science Programs Office at Goddard Space Flight Center. The main objective of the mission is to measure incoming solar radiation and adding measurements of ocean and atmosphere currents and temperatures, as well as surface temperatures, climatologists would be to improve their predictions of climate and global warming over the next century. This website provides an overview of the mission, description of its science goals and objectives, key publications and links to related educational sources.
This site was created and is maintained by a group of aerospace engineers and enthusiasts. It provides information on a range of fields - including aircraft and spacecraft design in the form of a series of detailed articles relating to the development of aerospace technologies. The 'aircraft museum' is a virtual museum giving data on a pictures of a wide variety of military and civil aircraft from around the world. Facilities for computing aerodynamic and atmospheric properties are also available.
AHDS Visual Arts
This site provides access to Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) Visual Arts, which is based at The Surrey Institute of Art & Design, University College, and aims to provide Internet access and preservation of visual arts digital resources to UK Higher and Further Education sectors. The database provides access to images of drawings and paintings from the Imperial War Museum Concise Art Collection, which contains works from Great War artists such as William Orpen, Stanley Spencer, Augustus John and John Singer Sargent. There is also access the Imperial War Museum Posters of Conflict and Spanish Civil War Poster Collections. In order to search and view the collections, it is necessary to register first which is free - all AHDS Visual Arts images are free for use in educational research, learning and teaching; permission must be obtained for any other use.
Air Team Images
This is an online aviation image library. The emphasis is on delivering the very best images from the world’s finest photographers. All images on the site are available for online purchase as prints, posters or gifts for worldwide delivery or instant file download direct from the server. You can browse or use the comprehensive search engine where you can search by keywords, manufacturer, industry sector, location, theme (eg aircraft type, aircraft show or airport life etc.
Air War College Gateway to Military Clip Art and Multimedia
This site is a portal to military art, photographs and images on the internet. It provides annotated links listed by subject such as Air Force Images, Nuke Pics, Marine, Space Multimedia, Flags and Anthems, Maps, Military Clip Art and Defense Image Digest.
Aircraft Photographs and Air Displays
This site has been created by Roger Whitcomb and contains a selection of photographs that he has taken at several different UK airshows including Farnborough 1998 and the Air Tattoo from 1997-2001. Also included are pictures taken at US air bases Lakenheath and Mildenhall. The 'military aircraft' section contains photographs organised by aircraft type - and includes US and European fighters, bombers and heavies, X-planes and warbirds. There is also a links section.
This source is primarily dedicated to aviation photographs, with an archive of 65,000 images of individual aircraft and aerial photographs of airports. A search engine enables the location of specified photographs by aircraft type, airline, category, country/airport and keywords. The site also includes a small number of aviation-related discussion forums, covering general aviation, aviation interests as a hobby, aviation photography and photograph requests. It also features up-to-the-minute industry news, provided by PRNewswire, and an online shop, supplying a wide range of aviation-related books, videos and general goods. There is also a section dedicated to aircraft data and history that covers about 400 aircraft types and includes data like powerplants, production, performance etc. There is also a facility available for booking online air tickets and reserving hotel rooms.
Airship Heritage Trust
Airshipsonline houses the online archive of the Airship Heritage Trust, a voluntary, charitable organisation based in the UK. There is an extensive history of British Airships from 1900 to the present day. They own and are responsible for the national heritage airship archive and a large collection of airship artifact's and photographs relating to the British Airship Programme, from it's early days at the turn of the century to the Skyships of the 1980s. Archive footage of airship flights, photographs, information on airships, their bases can be found along with an online reference library, membership information and further links to related websites.
The Aqua mission is a part of the NASA-centered international Earth Observing System (EOS). Aqua was launched on May 4, 2002, and has six Earth-observing instruments on board, collecting a variety of global data sets. Aqua was the first member launched of a group of satellites termed the Afternoon Constellation, or sometimes the A-Train. The mission is focused on the multi-disciplinary study of Earth's interrelated processes (atmosphere, oceans, and land surface) and their relationship to changes in the Earth system. This website provides the details of Aqua mission including its objectives; description of scientific instruments; news updates; and references.
Aquarius is a collaborative mission of NASA and the Argentine space program CONAE. In all, over 17 universities and corporate and international partners will be involved in this mission. The mission aims to observe and model the processes that relate salinity variations to climatic changes in the global cycling of water and to understand how these variations influence the general ocean circulation. Scheduled to be launched in late 2010, Aquarius will begin its 3-year mission with on a Delta II rocket, launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. This mission website provides background and overview of the mission; its objectives; description of payload; educational links; reference publications; and image gallery.
Army Technology Image Gallery
Image gallery of equipment, systems and components of the defence industry including; ammunition and fuzes; armoured fighting vehicles and upgrades; artillery and mortars; bridging and breaching equipment; civil defence, security and law enforcement products and services; explosives; small arms; NBC equipment; surveillance systems; and turrets. There is also a section titled projects which features air defence missile systems, anti-armour missiles, armoured fighting vehicles, artillery systems, attack helicopters, main battle tanks, support helicopters, and unmanned aerial vehicles. Once pictures have been selected, clicking on them takes you to a profile of the equipment and details of the manufacturer.
ASPERA-3 : Analyzer of Space Plasma and Energetic Atoms
The ASPERA-3 device was created to study the interaction between the solar wind and the Martian atmosphere. It travelled on the ESA/NASA Mars Express mission launched in June of 2003. The ASPERA-3 was designed to study the solar wind-atmosphere interaction in the near-Mars space through ENA (energetic neutral atom) imaging and in-situ plasma measurements. This website provides information related to the ASPERA-3 including its description and science objectives; its utility on the Mars Express mission; photo gallery; and links to reference publications.
The Aura mission is a part of the Earth Observing System (EOS), a program dedicated to monitoring the complex interactions that affect the globe using NASA satellites and data systems. This mission researches the composition, chemistry and dynamics of the Earth's atmosphere as well study the ozone, air quality and climate. The Aura spacecraft launched July 15, 2004. The design life is five years with an operational goal of six years. This website provides in-depth information about the mission including its goals and objectives; instrumentation; the spacecraft and its subsystems; FAQs; related links; and news updates.
BAA Aviation Photo Library
This is a specialist collection of airport and aviation photography. It offers imagery of generic airport and aviation life, including: aircraft, aerial views, runways, security, retail, Heathrow's Terminal 5 development and a section dedicated to London Landmarks. 'Behind the scenes' imagery of BAA's seven UK airports: Heathrow, Gatwick, Stansted, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Southampton as well as airports that BAA manages outside the UK in Italy, Australia and the USA is also available. The service provides quotes for the use of any images. It can be browsed by category or searched by keyword or image reference number.
Battle of Britain
Royal Air Force Battle of Britain history site. Provides a complete official record of the four month battle. Features events of each day, official Fighter Command Daily Summaries and Fighter Command Operational Diaries. There is a roll of honour, details of aircraft used - some with video footage, and details of the commanders, units and stations involved. There is also a gallery of photographs taken from service archives.
BBC History : World War Two
BBC site containing information and resources on the Second World War featuring articles and debates written by military historians which follow the major battles and events in historical order. There are also special sections on D-Day, the home front, the holocaust, and the secret war. The site also features a multimedia zone that contains animated maps and movies; and a gallery that features audio clips of people who experienced D-Day, Dunkirk and the Kindertransport first hand, images of Allied aerial photos, pictures of British Special Operations Executive (SOE) equipment, images and information on Nazi propaganda posters and cartoons, and audio clips of speeches from Winston Churchill and Adolf Hitler.
BBC News : In Depth : World War II : 60 Years On
BBC news site created to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War. The site contains a VE Day audio slide show of how the end of the war was celebrated across Europe; feature articles on peace and reconstruction; the full text of the King George VI address to the nation; and images of Europe's cities after World War Two had hit; as well as news stories on the current day celebrations to mark the event. The site also links to resources on the Holocaust and D-Day and key war events.
Boeing Company : Airport Technology Services
The site proves access to a range of product information relating to Boeing and McDonnell Douglas commercial aircraft which is intended to assist the planning, engineering and evaluation of airport facilities and their functions. The site includes aircraft planning and product manuals (pdf format) which provide, in an industry standardized format, aircraft characteristics data for general airport planning. Sections within each document include: Aicraft Description, Aircraft Performance, Ground Maneuvering, Terminal Servicing, Operating Conditions, and Pavement Data. There are also downloadable three-view aircraft drawings (plan, side and front views) in AutoCAD format (.dxf) for airport planning purposes. Note, these files have been compressed in .zip format. Airplane Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) information for Boeing and McDonnel Douglas aiurcraft is presented in English or Russian. The site also has sections which describe other related services offered by Boeing including Runway Length Analysis, Airport Safety and Operational Assessment, Runway / Pavement Analysis, Airport Facility Planning / Engineering, and Ground Maneuvering and Gate Planning, and airline foreign object damage (FOD) audits.
Canadian American Strategic Review
Provided by Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, CASR provides information and a forum for discussion on Canadian defence policy, foreign policy and Canadian US relations. The site contains policy papers and articles on: defence budget and procurement practices; Canada US relations and military cooperation; coastal defence, maritime and port security; border patrol and homeland security; threat assessments and US foreign policy. There is also a DND 101 section which provides brief information and images of major land, air and naval forces equipment.
Canadian Forces Combat Camera
This site provides access to Canadian national defence photograph and video archives which can be searched or browsed. High resolution versions of the pictures can be downloaded and saved. The video section contains short clips from films that can be viewed online using QuickTime (the full length films can be obtained by using the contact details provided); films cover Candian Forces operations in 2003 and 2004 including Afghanistan and Haiti and domestic operations and exercises. The site is available in english and french language versions.
Canadian Forces Image Gallery
Linked from the Canadian Department of Defence home page, this site contains images of the Canadian Forces. The pictures provided are arranged under the four main headings of combat, army, air force and navy. The site is also available in French.
Canadian Navy of Today and Yesterday
The aim of this site is to provide information on Canada's naval ships and aircraft. It contains listings of the current fleet of ships as well as World War One, World War Two and postwar ships in service with the Canadian Navy. Each listing contains lists of the various vessels including; destroyers, frigates, submarines, and aircraft carriers. There are photos of most of the ships and specifications. There is also a Canadian naval photo archive and images of Operation Apollo (the Candian Navy's contribution to the war on terror). The site provides links to further official and unofficial naval websites, ship homepages and maritime organisations.
CHAMP : Challenging Mini-Satellite Payload for Geo-scientific Research and Applications Program
CHAMP is a cooperative project between US and Germany with NASA providing a GPS Blackjack Flight receiver built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). The CHAMP satellite was launched with a Russian COSMOS launch vehicle on July 15, 2000 into an almost circular, near polar (i = 87?) orbit with an initial altitude of 454 km. The design lifetime of the satellite system is 5 years. CHAMP is aimed at generating simultaneously highly precise gravity and magnetic field measurements over a 5 years period. This will allow scientists to detect besides the spatial variations of both fields also their variability with time. It will perform the following three tasks: 1) Mapping of the Earth's global long to medium wavelength gravity field and temporal variations with applications in the geophysics, geodesy and oceanography; 2) Mapping of the Earth's global magnetic field and temporal variations with applications in geophysics and solar terrestrial physics; 3) Atmosphere/ionosphere sounding with applications in global climate studies, weather forecasting, disaster research and navigation. This website provides in depth information about CHAMP mission background; objectives; description of satellite and its subsystems and instruments; science results; mission, orbit and operations data; and links to reference materials and news updates.
Chandra X-ray Observatory
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, which was launched and deployed by Space Shuttle Columbia on July 23, 1999, is the most sophisticated X-ray observatory built to date. Chandra is designed to observe X-rays from high-energy regions of the universe, such as the remnants of exploded stars. This website provides a host of information resources related to the Chandra X-ray Observatory mission, which include Chandra's mission objectives and instrument details; photo gallery; news updates and publications related to the mission; and links to future X-ray missions, amongst others.
CHIPS : Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer
The Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer (CHIPS) is a University-Class Explorer (UNEX) mission of University of California and funded by NASA. A successful launch occurred at 16:45 Pacific time on Sunday January 12, 2003. The mission is aimed at helping scientists determine the electron temperature, ionization conditions, and cooling mechanisms of the million-degree plasma believed to fill the local interstellar bubble. The website includes the latest news on the mission; science and instrument description; links to educational resources; papers and publications; and FAQs.
CINDI : Coupled Ion Neutral Dynamics Investigation
The Coupled Ion-Neutral Dynamics Investigation (CINDI) is a NASA sponsored Mission of Opportunity conducted by the University of Texas at Dallas (UTD). CINDI will discover the role of ion-neutral interactions in the generation of small and large-scale electric fields in the Earth's upper atmosphere. Ion-neutral interactions are a key process in controlling the dynamics of all planetary atmospheres and their understanding is important to describing the electrodynamic connections between the Sun and the Upper Atmosphere.The CINDI investigation is carried out as an enhancement to the science objectives of the Communication/Navigation Outage Forecast System (C/NOFS) undertaken by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and the Space and Missile Command Test and Evaluation Directorate (SMC/TEL). This is the CINDI project website which provides information about the mission background, objectives, science and spacecraft details. There is also access available to CINDI science data. Also available is a CINDI quick fact sheet in PDF form. Please note that some of the links may be broken.
The aim of the ESA's Cluster mission is to study small-scale structures of the magnetosphere and its environment in three dimensions. To achieve this, Cluster is constituted of four identical spacecraft that will flight in a tetrahedral configuration. The Cluster spacecrafts were launched in July, 2000 and August, 2000 and would be operational till December 2009. The mission is currently investigating the small-scale structure (in three dimensions) of the Earth's plasma environment, such as those involved in the interaction between the solar wind and the magnetospheric plasma, in global magnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics of the neutral line and of plasmoids. The mission website provides the summary of the mission; fact sheet; launch details; instrument description; latest updates; paper and publication and links to related resources.
This is a personal site created by Gordon Roxburgh which provides a lot of detailed information about the 20 Concordes that were built. The site includes photographs and fleet details, information about the work undertaken to get Concorde flying again after the crash, technical specifications (weights, performance, dimensions, accomodation, powerplant, cockpit systems, fuel system, droop nose, the delta wing, landing gear, flight systems and modifications) and an FAQ.
Cosmos 1, the world's first solar sail spacecraft, is a project built in collaboration of the Planetary Society and Cosmos Studios with the Lavochkin Association and the Space Research Institute in Russia and will be launched on June 21, 2005. The website includes a host of resources related to the mission, which include: the basics of a solar sail; mission timeline; orbital parameters; schematic drawings showing the spacecraft and sail dimensions; testing and development information; news updates; press room; and images and animation.
Current Naval Aircraft Inventory
These web pages are provided by the US Naval Historical Center. The site provides data on aircraft in the current US naval aviation inventory. The data includes specifications, line drawings and photographs. Among the aircraft types described are the F-14 Tomcat, F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-18E Super Hornet, MV-22B Osprey, and AV-8B Harrier. Much of the information is provided in PDF format.
Dawn : A Journey to the Beginning of the Solar System
Scheduled to be launched in June 2006, the mission Dawn's goal is to characterize the conditions and processes of the solar system's earliest epoch by investigating in detail two of the largest protoplanets remaining intact since their formations. This website consists of the Dawn mission and launch details; science goals and instruments; spacecraft details; operations information; background of the mission; news updates; and images. There is also a link to Dawn mission report presented at the 2002 Asteroids, Comets and Meteors Conference in PDF format and also to the Dawn full press package.
Defence Digital Media Gallery
Provided by the Australian Minister of Defence, this site provides images of Australian Defence Ministers, Army, Navy, Royal Air Force, operations and equipment. The site is searchable and browseable by keyword.
Defence Image Database
This site combines the picture libraries of the British Army, Royal Air Force, Royal Navy and Ministry of Defence. It covers equipment, crests and logos, cap badges, people and operations and can be browsed or searched. The service is free but images are subject to Crown copyright so they may be downloaded for the purposes of non-commercial research and private study only.
This site provides the latest news and headlines on defence, the military and strategy and links to full text articles. There is also a discussion forum, a searchable and browseable gallery of images, which is divided by country and wars, and articles on technology and defence. In order to view all areas of the website, users need to register which is free.
This site provides access to the United States Military Academy Department of History's atlases and maps printed by the United States Defense Printing Agency. The subjects covered by the maps include ancient warfare, colonial wars, the American Revolution, Napoleonic Wars, The War of 1812, the Mexican War, American Civil War, Spanish Civil War, World War One and Two, the Korean War, Arab Israeli Wars, and the Vietnam War.
Department of Energy Historical Films Videoclips Database
Provided by the Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). This site is a searchable and browseable database of historical nuclear weapons tests films. Each record contains a detailed description of the background to the test, and a short clip from the film can be viewed online. The complete films are available for purchase.
Dryden Aircraft Movie Collection
This collection contains short digitized video clips of many of the unique research aircraft flown at NASA Dryden Flight Research Center from the 1940s to the present. No copyright protection is asserted for these movies. The movies can be viewed with Quicktime. The films are listed in alphabetical order according to aircraft name and the research programme they are associated with is given.
EO-3-GIFTS : Earth Observing-3-Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer
The New Millennium Program's (NMP) Earth Observing 3 (EO3) mission, called GIFTS, is a step towards improving the operational weather observing systems. To accomplish the GIFTS mission NASA has partnered with the US Department of Naval Research's (ONR). ONR's Indian Ocean Meteorological Imager, called IOMI, will demonstrate GIFTS concepts and technologies. The launch has been planned for 2005/06 on a Delta II rocket from Cape Canaveral, Kennedy Space Center, Florida. This website provides the EO-3 mission objectives; science and instrument technology descriptions; links to other educational resources; and quick facts about the mission along with news updates.
Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE)
FUSE is a NASA-supported astrophysics mission that was launched on June 24, 1999, to explore the Universe using the technique of high-resolution spectroscopy in the far-ultraviolet spectral region. FUSE was developed in collaboration with the space agencies of Canada and France. FUSE looks at light in the far ultraviolet portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (approximately 90 to 120 nanometers), which is unobservable with other telescopes. FUSE observes these wavelengths with much greater sensitivity and resolving power than previous instruments used to study light in this wavelength range. This is a FUSE academic website and brings together basic information about the mission including the background, mission objectives, spaceraft and instruments used. The mission ended in mid-october 2007. Links are available to access the FUSE science data summaries, FAQs and publications. There is also a link to FUSE newsletter and photo file. Project website link is also present.
FAST Explorer : Fast Auroral SnapshoT Explorer
FAST, the second mission in NASA's Small Explorer Satellite Program (SMEX), is a satellite designed to study Earth's aurora. FAST's primary objective is to study the microphysics of space plasma and the accelerated particles that cause the aurora. FAST was launched on August 21, 1996 from a Pegasus rocket into a highly elliptical orbit. This website provides a background of Earth's aurora; FAST mission objectives; details of the spacecraft instruments and data; launch and orbit information; links to other educational resources; and images.
Produced and maintained by the Open University, UK, this site provides a simple introduction into key events in the history of flight. It traces the development of models (including movies of how they might work) and the understanding of aerodynamics, including links to simple sites which explain the principles of flight. The stories of key flyers such as the Wright Brothers are also told.
This service is a division of Ghosts of Aviation Inc. in Canada and it aims to develop an archive of aviation history. It currently focuses on the pre-jet era, but will be extended. The key features of the site include a story archive which provides histories of planes and pilots, photograph archives organised by category, and plane statistics organised by manufacturer.
This site provides access to the German aerospace magazine Flug Revue. Visitors to the site can view the contents pages and English summaries of selected articles free of charge in HTML format. Summaries of previous issues are available back to September 1996. The site also offers a weekly news digest, 'datafiles' - a large amount of information on aviation and space in Germany, Austria and Switzerland including manufacturers, statistics and airlines. The 'gallery' area provides images of civil aircraft, helicopters, history, military aviation and space along with data and specifications.
Focus On Film
This resource is primarily aimed at teachers and learners and is part of the Public Record Office's National Archives Learning Curve project. The website contains a film archive database of short clips that can be viewed online using Apple Quicktime. The films cover the Abyssinian War, the Cold War and aspects of World War Two such as evacuation, women at war, spies, the bombing of Britain and preparations and everyday life on the Home Front.
Frontline Scotland : Death at Deepcut
This site provides access to an episode of Frontline Scotland, BBC Scotlands current affairs programme, first broadcast on 21st May 2002. It investigates the deaths of Private James Collinson and Geoff Gray, two of four young soldiers to have died of non-combatant deaths at the Deepcut Army Barracks, and their families efforts to discover the reasons behind their deaths. The thirty minute film can be accessed by scrolling down the page to the relevant summary and downloaded using realplayer.
Frontline Scotland : Deepcut : The Mystery Deepens
This site provides access to an episode of Frontline Scotland, BBC Scotland's current affairs programme, first broadcast on 1st October 2002. It follows on from an earlier programme broadcast in May 2002 titled Death at Deepcut which investigated the death of Private James Collinson, one of four young soldiers to have died of non-combatant deaths at the Deepcut Army Barracks in suspicious circumstances. It looks at developments to the inquiry, the launching of an investigation and details of new forensic evidence. The thirty minute film can be downloaded using realplayer.
Geostationary Operational Environment Satellites (GOES) Project
This site describes the Geostationary Operational Environment Satellites (GOES) Project. The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Program (GOES) is a joint effort of NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). These spacecrafts help meteorologists observe and predict local weather events, including thunderstorms, tornadoes, fog, flash floods, and other severe weather. In addition, GOES observations have proven helpful in monitoring dust storms, volcanic eruptions, and forest fires. GOES-N, the first spacecraft in the new GOES-N/O/P series, lifted off aboard a Boeing Delta IV rocket from Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. at 6:11 pm EDT on May 24, 2006. GOES-O is scheduled to launch on April 28, 2009. The website consists of project information, specifications of GOES spacecrafts and the instruments on-board, launch information and other educational resources.
GPM : Global Precipitation Measurement
GPM is a joint mission with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and other international partners. The GPM mission is aimed at providing improvements in water resource management, agriculture, policy and planning, transportation, forestry, natural hazards assessment, hydrology, oceanography and weather forecasting. It is scheduled to be launched in 2010 from Tanegashima Space Center, Japan and has a mission lifetime of 3 years. The website provides information about the mission including objectives; science and instrument description; library; image gallery; and newsletter.
Gravity Probe B Home Page
NASA's Gravity Probe B mission, also known as GP-B, was launched in April 2004. It will use four ultra-precise gyroscopes to test Einstein's theory that space and time are distorted by the presence of massive objects. To accomplish this, the mission will measure two factors: how space and time are warped by the presence of the Earth, and how the Earth's rotation drags space-time around with it. This site provides news, status reports, facts, photographs, and multimedia QuickTime movies related to the mission.
Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)
GRACE mission is a joint partnership between the NASA in the United States and Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR) in Germany. The primary goal of this mission is to accurately map variations in the Earth's gravity field over its 5-year lifetime. The GRACE twin satellites were launched in March 2002 and are currently making detailed measurements of Earth's gravity field. The key facts and mission overview, alongwith the news updates and GRACE orbit data are available from this website.
Great Images in NASA (GRIN)
Provided by NASA, this is a collection of over 1000 images of historical interest which is aimed at the media, publishers and the general public. The images have been scanned at high resolution and in several sizes. They can be found by browsing by subject then selecting the relevant category, searched by keyword and date, or browsed by the centre that produced the image. The photographs are not protected by copyright, unless it is stated, and NASA must be acknowledged as the source of the image.
Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation Satellite (IceSAT)
IceSAT (Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation Satellite) is an approved satellite mission being developed by NASA. It is part of the Earth Observing System and was launched in January 2003. The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) on ICESat will measure ice sheet elevations, changes in elevation through time, height profiles of clouds and aerosols, land elevations and vegetation cover, and approximate sea ice thickness. Future ICESat missions will extend and improve assessments from the first mission, as well as monitor ongoing changes. Together with other aspects of NASA Earth science and current and planned EOS satellites, ICESat will enable scientists to study the Earth' climate and, ultimately, predict how ice sheets and sea level will respond to future climate change.
IMAGE : Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration
The IMAGE spacecraft was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base on March 25, 2000, at 20:34:43 UT. IMAGE was the first of NASA's Mid size Explorer (MIDEX) missions, and was dedicated to imaging the Earth's magnetosphere, the region of space controlled by the Earth's magnetic field and containing extremely tenuous plasmas of both solar and terrestrial origin. It is currently operating in its fifth year. The IMAGE mission details; spacecraft and instrument description; operations information; IMAGE photo gallery; and current updates are available from this site.
Imperial War Museum : Online Exhibitions
This site provides access to online exhibitions about Britain at war. The exhibitions cover the Battle of the Atlantic during the World War Two, the Battles of Jutland and Gallipoli during the First World War, the campaign in Burma 1942-1945, Pearl Harbour, submarine development during the twentieth century, the Falklands conflict, the Spanish Civil War, teh Battle of Britain 1940 and the Korean War 1950-1953. Each exhibition contains text, photographs, references to original documents and sound clips. The web page also links to a recollections of war sound archive, and a selection of pictures from the Photograph Archive from the two world wars and conflicts post-1945.
India and Pakistan 07
Website provided by the BBC to commemorate the 60th anniversary of Partition; the creation of the two nations India and Pakistan in 1947 and independence from British rule. It is divided into three main sections: History, Culture and Communities. It provides links to news stories, radio broadcasts and television programmes about the two nations and their relationship; conflicts and wars; partition and independence which can be watched and listened to online.
JAXA Digital Archives
Since October 1 2003 the three principal Japanese aerospace organisations (ISAS, NAL, NASDA) have been merged into one independent administrative institution; the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The JAXA Digital Archives provides access to a collection of online images and photos. These include launch vehicles and space transportation systems, International Space Station (ISS) and human space exploration, earth observation, communication, positioning and satellites, space science and space engineering research projects. Image types contained in the archives include computer graphics, illustrations, drawings, satellite images and monochrome and colour photos. The JAXA web site also contains an archive of The NASDA Report, a monthly news journal produced by the National Space Development Agency of Japan.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory : Mobility and Robotics System Section
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Mobility and Robotic Systems Section has designed and fielded a series of prototypes of robotics for space exploration and related terrestrial applications. For example, Software has been written that drives rovers on Mars, and operations software to monitor and control them from Earth and new systems are being developed with many limbs for walking and climbing. To achieve mobility off the surface, prototypes are being created of airships to fly through the atmospheres of Titan and Venus, and drills and probes to go underground on Mars and Europa. Past examples include the Lightweight Survivable Rover (LSR), the Sample Return Rover (SRR), the Field Integrated Design and Operations (FIDO) rover, and the Legged Excursion Mechanical Utility Robot (LEMUR)as well as the FIDO rover to support the NASA/JPL Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Project. Videos and images are available from the site as well as information about the projects, research staff, news and publications.
Juno Beach Centre : Canada in WWII
This is an online museum about the Canadian contribution to the Second World War. The events section looks at key moments during World War Two experienced by Canadians including the eve of war; Canada's entry into the order of battle; key battles including D-Day, the Normandy and Italian campaigns, and the Invasion of Sicily; and the return to peace and VE Day. There is a people section which provides biographies of key players in the conflict from Canada, the UK, US, Poland and Germany. The arms and weapons section provides information on land, sea, air and medical equipment. Each section contains images and suggested further reading and some have video clips that can be watched online. There is also an interactive centre on the web site that contains interactive animations of events and technologies. A French version of the site is also available.
Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter Spacecraft (Prometheus I)
The primary objective of NASA's Prometheus Nuclear Systems and Technology mission is to develop and demonstrate that a nuclear reactor-powered spacecraft can be operated safely and reliably in deep space on long-duration missions. The first Prometheus mission proposed to take advantage of these revolutionary capabilities is the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO), which would fly on the Prometheus 1 spacecraft. JIMO is an ambitious mission to orbit three planet-sized moons of Jupiter ? Callisto, Ganymede and Europa ? which may harbor vast oceans beneath their icy surfaces. JIMO would orbit each of these moons for extensive investigations of their makeup, their history and their potential for sustaining life.To allow sufficient development and ground-testing time, the mission would not launch before 2015. A heavy-lift launch vehicle would lift Prometheus 1 into high Earth orbit, and the ion-propulsion thrusters would then be used to propel the spacecraft to Jupiter. This website highlights the background information and vision of the NASA's Prometheus Nuclear Systems and Technology mission. Information is also available on the use of in-space use of nuclear power to meet higher power needs in future missions. There are links available to interactive sources, learning centre and other educational resources.
The Keck Interferometer (KI) is part of NASA's overall effort to find planets and ultimately life beyond our solar system. It is a ground-based component of NASA's Origins Program. Origins addresses fundamental questions about the formation of galaxies, stars, and planetary systems, the prevalence of planetary systems around other stars, and the formation of life on Earth. The Keck Interferometer will be capable of carrying out a variety of scientific studies integral to NASA's search for new worlds. Its primary goals are the characterization of exozodiacal dust, which can obscure the infrared signature of orbiting planets; direct detection of giant planets and brown dwarfs; high-resolution imaging of protoplanetary disks; and the astrometric detection of planets. It will combine the light from the twin Keck telescopes to measure the emission from dust orbiting nearby stars, directly detect the hottest gas giant planets, image disks around young stars and other objects of astrophysical interest, and survey hundreds of stars for the presence of planets the size of Uranus or larger. This website brings together a host of information resources including the background information about the interferometer; the KI scientific goals and results; and other technical rescources. There is a section dedicated to the historical perspective of interferometry also. Information is also available on supporting internet resources. The site can be browsed by taking a virtual interactive tour which is available in QuickTime (2.3MB) or Real Player (190KB).
Kit : UK Online
This site provides information on equipment currently in use with the British Army. The site is divided into equipment, aircraft, armoured vehicles, artillery and air defence, BOWMAN, electronic battlefield, engineer equipment, individual equipment, landing craft and assault boats, logistics vehicles, NBC defence equipment, and small arms and support weapons. It provides brief information and specifications of the equipment and images. It is also possible to link to a website which provides 360 degree images of vehicles used by the British Army and their interiors.
Landsat 7 Gateway
Landsat 7 is a U.S. satellite used to acquire remotely sensed images of the Earth's land surface and surrounding coastal regions. The web site provides access to a variety of information resources. The Project section contains background information relating to the program's history, organization, and funding. There is a data section which describes the searching and ordering of Landsat 7 data. Sample browse data and images are available. There is an extensive documentation and tools section which includes general information about the Landsat Program, as well as scientific guides, processing algorithms, documentation and tools necessary for the practical use of Landsat 7 digital data. The systems engineering section contains technical information related to each Landsat 7 system element. The international ground stations section includes a directory of contact information and world coverage maps for the U.S. and international Landsat ground stations. The site also includes: a news section containing announcements and official press releases, conference and meeting schedules, recent publications; a people and organizations section which has links to all of the organizations involved in the Landsat Project, a section containing educational resources; and a links to related sites section.
Library and Archives Canada : War and Military
This site provides resources on the Canadian military and wars involving Canada. It contains online research tools which allow the searching of digital collections online such as the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) database which contains personnel files of those who enlisted during the First World War. There is also a searchable database of Canadian soldiers of the South African (Boer) War and digital war diaries of the CEF from World War One. There are also virtual exhibitions which provide selected Library and Archive Canada materials which include audio and video files. There are also research aids to assist in finding relevant resources. The site is also available in French.
London at War 1939-1945
This site is provided by HOLNET, and provides resources for learning and teaching school children about the history of London. The teaching zone provides downloadable worksheets and activities for teachers and guidance on using the web site. The learning zone provides brief information, images, diaires and recollections from people who lived through the war on the subjects of air raids, daily life, children and the war and shelters.
Loretta Napoleoni: The intricate economics of terrorism
Loretta Napoleoni details her rare opportunity to talk to the secretive Italian Red Brigades -- an experience that sparked a lifelong interest in terrorism. She gives a behind-the-scenes look at its complex economics, revealing a surprising connection between money laundering and the US Patriot Act.
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)
LRO is the first of the NASA's Robotic Lunar Exploration Program, planned for launch by late Fall 2008 and will orbit the Moon nominally 1 year. The LRO mission emphasizes the overall objective of obtaining data that will facilitate returning men safely to the Moon where testing and preparations for an eventual manned mission to Mars will be undertaken. This website brings together information about the LRO mission, spacecraft designs, intial mission timeline and links to related educational resources.
The Magellan spacecraft, named after the sixteenth-century Portuguese explorer whose expedition first circumnavigated the Earth, was launched 4 May 1989, and arrived at Venus on 10 August 1990. Magellan collected radar images of 98 percent of the planet's surface, with resolution 10 times better than that of the earlier Soviet Venera 15 and 16 missions. Altimetry and radiometry data also measured the surface topography and electrical characteristics. The mission concluded with the spacecraf plunging into the planet's dense atmosphere on Tuesday, 11 October 1994 to gain data on the planet's atmosphere and on the performance of the spacecraft as it descended. This website provides in-depth information related to the Magellan mission objectives and spacecraft details. Latest status reports are also available alongwith news updates and press releases. Information is also available on the planet Venus and there is also a link to image and photo gallery.
Mars Global Surveyor
This Nasa/Jet Propulsion Laboratory web site brings together a range of information resources relating to the MGS mission. The site contains overviews of the mission, spacecraft, and scientific activities. There are real-time images which show the position of the spacecraft in relation to Mars as well as up to date orbit and telemetry data. The site provides access to many images of Mars that have beed recorded in the course of the mapping exercise. A link is provided to a collection of over 57,000 images contained in the Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera Image Gallery.
Mars Pathfinder Mission
This Jet Propulsion Laboratory web page provides access to two versions of the Mars Pathfinder web site. One of these provides information on the mission up to the time of landing in July 1997. The other provides a compilation of information, images and data as at the end of the Mission. There is also a link to the Pathfinder Web Site CD-ROM archive which contains a list of links to all pages of the combined site.
Micro Aerial Vehicle Development Group : University of Notre Dame
This is the home page of this group, which is comprised of postgraduate and undergraduate students who are working towards designing useable micro aerial vehicles (MAVs). The site provides images and video clips (requiring Windows Media Player or Mac Quick Time), a description of the research carried out, including links to several full text conference papers, and information on the Group's entry to the annual Micro Aerial Vehicle Competition hosted by the University of Florida. A bibliography is also provided.
Ministry of Defence Art Collection
This site provides information on the works of art collection, which is in public ownership, and the MoD Art Collection Team who ensure the preservation and conservation of the items. There is a collection of images of some works of art, drawings and paintings held by the MoD divded into architecture, war artists, portraits, battles, exploration, peacekeeping, clocks, and engravings. There is also a news page and details of exhibitions.
NASA : Hypersonic X-43A Takes Flight
The X-43A is a hypersonic, scramjet-powered research aircraft designed to fly at speeds up to Mach 10. This is a NASA mission web site which brings together the latest news, features and supporting resources. There are a number of high resolution images, as well as video clips, including that of the historic flight of November 16 2004 during which the X-43A's scramjet air breathing engine pushed the aircraft to nearly Mach 9.8, or 7,000 mph, as it flew at about 110,000 feet. The site also provides access to a PDF format X-43A Fact Sheet.
NASA Apollo Mission : Apollo-1
This website provides description and review of the tragedy of Apollo-1 mission of the NASA's Apollo program, in which a flash fire occured in the command module 012 during a launch pad test of the Apollo/Saturn launch vehicle, killing all the three astronauts on-board. The site consists biographies of the crew members; accident events timeline; investigation results, conclusions and recommendations; and a gallery of images. There is also a link to related sources and bibliogrpahy.
NASA Image eXchange (NIX)
The NASA Image eXchange (NIX) provides a single point of entry to various photographic databases of six NASA centers (Langley, Lewis, Ames, Dryden, Goddard and Johnson). Search capabilities of NIX include simple searches, complex searches, and browsing. NIX returns thumbnail sized images, textual descriptions, image numbers, links to higher resolution images, links to more information, and links to the NASA Center that stores each image. NIX also provides tips to users on searching, copyright information, and a comments section. NIX is currently being expanded to include additional photos from the remaining centers.
NASA Langley Research Center - Multimedia Repository
This web site provides access to NASA Langley Research Center's library of digital images. The objective of the service is to facilitate online access to digitised photographs, computer-generated images and other digital sources such as movies and videos. All of the images are in JPEG format.Thumbnail (~96x96), Small (~544x480); Medium (~1280x1024) (if available); and Large (~3072x2432) (if available). The repository can be browsed or searched. Browse headings include aircraft, devices, education, events, laboratories, people, projects, space transportation, wind tunnels and new multimedia. The site also contains a Frequently Asked Questions, and a comments/question section.
NASA Langley Research Center
This is the home page of the NASA Langley Research Center. Its primary concerns are airframe systems, atmospheric sciences and structures and materials research. The site describes the research that the Center carries out, information on doing business with it, and provides access to LISAR, the Langley Image Scanning Archival and Retrieval system which contains a database of photographs of NASA and NACA research undertaken at Langley. The site also features the Langley Factsheet Server which provides full text details about many of Langley's research programmes, the Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS) for searching and browsing technical reports, some of which are available in full in PDF format, and latest news.
This site represents NASA's efforts to bring together in one location, all of NASA's multimedia resources available on the Web. The site includes NASA television, image gallery, video gallery, art gallery and interactive resources. The interactive resources link includes a micro-site that covers NASA spin-offs and how space technology has influenced our everyday lives in the 'home and city'.
NASA Planetary Data System : Map-A-Planet
This service from NASA allows you to create customised image maps of Venus, the Moon, Mars, Callisto, Europa, Ganymede and Io. There are three levels of customisation - clickable map, clickable map with advanced options (select map size, resolution and projection) and forms based (selection of areas of interest by entering numerical values for the centre latitude and longitude of the map you wish to create). Images can be saved in JPEG format using browser options or can be ordered for ftp transfer.
NASA's Structure and Evolution Programme
This is part of NASA's Space Science Initiative. The aim of this particular programme is outlined in three Quests - 'How did structure in the Universe form?', 'What are the cycles of matter and energy in the evolving Universe?' and 'What are the ultimate limits of gravity and energy in the Universe'. The site provides detailed information on these topics and provides the full text of NASA's 'roadmap' which develops a research outline to fulfill the Quests in PDF format. Visitors to the site can view information on past and planned missions as well as a resource centre which provides video footage (requiring RealPlayer to view), image libraries, full text documents and papers and presentations.
National Film Board of Canada : D-Day
This site features an archive of films of the Canadian participation in the D Day landings of the Second World War. The site provides information on the background to the digitised World War Two films. The films can be viewed online and are: L'Assault (French language version) and Break-through (English language version), which features footage of the landings at Normandy; Reportages No 70 Invasion; Wasp Wings, which shows footage of spitfires in action during the Battle of Britain and D-Day; and a clip from Canada at War Part 9 The Norman Summer. The site is available in french and english language versions.
National Film Board of Canada : World War One
This site features an archive of films of the Canadian participation in the First World War. The site provides information on the project to digitise films made by D.J. Dwyer, an American cinematographer, which have been obtained from the National Film Board of Canada, Imperial War Museum, and National Archives of Canada. The films can be viewed and downloaded using realplayer, windows media player, or flash, and cover subjects such as the Bexhill Canadian Training School, a Canadian field hospital, the September 1918 offensive, and Canadians advancing near Cambrai. The site is available in french and english language versions.
NATO/IFOR Operation Joint Endeavour
This site contains an archive of information relating to the NATO led Implementation Force(IFOR)restoring peace to former Yugoslavia. It contains pictures and information about Operation Joint Endeavour missions and AFSOUTH. There are full text basic texts available about Bosnia and Herzegovina, transcripts of IFOR joint press briefings, UN Security Council Resolutions and Maps.
Short video clips on NATO activities including operations, interviews, news, summits and lectures. There are also selected archive clips from 1949 to date. There is a simple search facility which uses the title, keyword and description fields. The service offers options to create an RSS subscription, download clips and email clips to colleagues. In English.
New Horizons : NASA's Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission
This is the first spacecraft designed by NASA to study Pluto, the solar systems farthest planet. It was designed and built at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory and is currently in the NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center for its next round of pre-launch tests. This Web site provides a host of information resources related to the mission and includes the mission overview information, science objectives, mission timeline, spacecraft details, educational links, news section, a gallery of images and other related links.
NMP EO-1 : New Millenium Program Earth Observing-1
Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) is an advanced land-imaging mission and is a part of NASA's New Millenium Program (NMP). The mission objective was to demonstrate new instruments and spacecraft systems. The EO-1 spacecraft was launched on a Delta 7320 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, November 21, 2000. EO-1 had a 1-year primary mission lifetime but was designed to operate for an additional year. The mission has been successful in developing and validating a number of instrument and spacecraft bus breakthrough technologies designed to enable the development of future cost and mass efficient earth imaging observatories. This website provides the description of mission's general and extended baseline; spacecraft and instrument technologies; mission's investigation and validation reports in PDF formats; and a host of other educational resources.
Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM)
The Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) will be a follow-on to the TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) and Jason mission to accomplish two decades of observations and will launched into the same orbit as Jason in April of 2008. The OSTM will measure sea surface height to an accuracy of < 4 cm every ten days. The OSTM is a cooperative effort between NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), the space agency of France. This website consists of mission overview; technology and scientific instruments; news updates; and a gallery of images and videos. There are also links to OSTM predecessors TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) and Jason missions.
One Giant Leap for Mankind : The 35th Anniversary of Apollo 11
This Web site honors those involved in the success of Apollo 11 and the whole of the Apollo program. From astronauts to managers, engineers to contractors, this site ensures that the courageous efforts of those involved in the Apollo program will not be forgotten. President John F. Kennedy in a speech to Congress on 25 May 1961 outlined the Apollo program, a plan to send an American to the Moon by the end of the decade. On 20 July 1969, the world witnessed what was arguably the most astonishing technological achievement in history when Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the Moon. The website includes transcripts of interviews with the astronauts, biographies, a bibliography and documents, including links to full-text NASA reports, a picture gallery, timeline and links to relevant NASA and non-NASA websites.
Open News Archive Clip Index
Provided by BBC News under the terms of the Creative Archive Licence, this site contains free video and audio clips of iconic news stories and events over the last fifty years. The clips can be browsed by topic, location, year, or via an interactive map. Topics covered include conflicts and wars such as 9/11, Afghanistan, Bosnia, Falklands, Iraq, Kosovo, Middle East, and Northern Ireland; disasters; personalities and leaders; politics; science and technology; and sport. There are also details on the Creative Archive and how the clips may be used.
Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) is a NASA Earth System Science Pathfinder Project (ESSP) mission designed to make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide from an Earth orbiting satellite. After mission launch in 2007, the OCO will provide space-based observations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, the principal human-initiated driver of climate change. This mission will use mature technologies to address NASA's highest priority carbon cycle measurement requirement.The other partnering orgainsations are the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Orbital Sciences Corporation and Hamilton Sundstrand Sensor Systems. This website provides an overview of the mission alongwith its objectives and desription of the technology and scientific instruments. There is link to reference and project publications which are available in PDF format. There is a news update sections and also link to educational resources.
Our Earth As Art
Maintained by the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's (GSFC) Laboratory for Terrestrial Physics, this site brings together a gallery of images taken by the Landsat-7 satellite and more recently, the Terra Satellite's Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER). Images can be viewed and downloaded by clicking on a map of the Earth's continents, and there is also an index of images arranged in alphabetical order. Please note that High-resolution JPEGs of the Earth As Art I and II collections are available from the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) image gallery.
Phoenix Mars Lander
The Phoenix Mars Mission, a joint mission of NASA and the University of Arizona, is scheduled for launch in August 2007 and is the first in NASA's "Scout Program." Phoenix is designed to measure volatiles (especially water) and complex organic molecules in the arctic plains of Mars, where the Mars Odyssey orbiter has discovered evidence of ice-rich soil very near the surface. This website consists of the overview of the mission; its objectives and goals; description of the probe and its scientific instruments; news updates; launch timeline; calender of upcoming events; and videos and images.
Photo Gallery by Andrija Ilic
Andrija Ilic is a photographer from Belgrade, Serbia. This site provides a collection of his photographs mainly taken in the Serbia and Kosovo region from 1996-2001. It covers the build up to the Kosovo conflict, the conflict and aftermath, as well as showing cultural aspects of the region. The site also provides links to news and media sources concerned with the region, mainly from Belgrade.
Photovault Military Images
This site provides a selection of military images relating to vehicles (air force, naval aviation, submarines, aircraft carriers, hovercraft), people (Army, Navy, Marines, Coastguard) and the environment (the results of nuclear explosions and military damage).
The Planck is the ESA's mission which will collect and characterise radiation from the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) using sensitive radio receivers operating at extremely low temperatures. An Ariane-5 launcher will carry Planck into space in July 2007. The website consists of detailed resources like the Planck's mission objectives and scientific instruments; spacecraft 3D models; launch details and information on launch vehicle and orbits/navigation; Planck's research information; news updates and publications; and images and videos.
Planes and Choppers Image Library
This site is a gallery of photographs of aeroplanes and helicopters submitted by enthusiasts from around the world. It has been created by Plexus Media Ltd, website designers based in Cromarty, in the Scottish Highlands. A number of preset albums have been created, by broad type of craft (e.g. military - modern, helicopters), by country and by manufacturer. Selecting one allows all the photographs in that category to be viewed. In addition, visitors to the site can create their own albums of favourite pictures which can be made public free of charge.
Planetary Image Atlas
Made available by NASA, this service can be searched in order to display or download images and other data from planetary missions. Missions which are covered include Galileo, Voyager, Mars Pathfinder, Mars Global Surveyor, Viking Lander, Viking Orbitor, Magellan and Clementine.
Made available by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) this site provides a large selection of photographic images of the planets in our solar system and their satellites and other small bodies found in space. They are accessible by clicking on an image of the planetary body you are interested in. Each image has a title and a thumbnail and is also available as a full resolution TIFF. Details of the mission the picture was taken on are provided. It is also possible to search for pictures from a particular mission, spacecraft or instrument, and to search by feature name or by collection type.
POES : Polar Operational Environmental Satellites
The Polar Operational Environmental Satellite (POES) Program is a cooperative effort between NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the United Kingdom (UK), and France. Currently, the POES mission is composed of two polar orbiting satellites known as the Advanced Television Infrared Observation Satellites (TIROS)-N (ATN). NOAA-N and NOAA-N', are the latest in this series of advanced TIROS-N (ATN) satellites. NOAA-N was successfully launched in May 2005 and NOAA-N'is scheduled to be launched in 2007. This website consists of a host of information resources related to the project history and current status; science objectives and instruments; launch information; and other related links. There are also multimedia links for the launch of NOAA-N spacecraft.
Pratt and Whitney
Pratt and Whitney is a division of the United Technologies Corporation (UTC). The company designs and manufactures engines for all commercial, military and general aviation, as well as space propulsion systems. The site provides detailed background information on the company and links to the Web sites of its five business units. Financial information available includes the UTC 2000 annual report and quarterly financial statements. The company's environment, health and safety policy is covered and specifications, photographs and cut away drawings of their ranges of 'green engine' are included. The site also contains an 'Engine Gallery' which gives engine characteristics and photographs. Access to overview information about all their engines is also provided.
Public Record Office : The First World War : Sources for History
Formed through a partnership between the Public Record Office and the Imperial War Museum, this site is an online exhibition of First World War source material. Drawing on historical documents, film and sound recordings, the site is divided into five galleries; the First World War 1914-18, Britain and the War, the military conflict, service records for the First World War and the aftermath. Each gallery contains images and transcripts of original documents, photographs, suggested further reading and links to websites of interest. There are also special resources sections arranged into documents, spotlights on history which looks at various issues such as the anti-war movement, battles, and people which includes biographies. Further resources include a timeline, maps and glossary.
Quest for Performance : The Evolution of Modern Aircraft
This provides access to a NASA History Office publication, NASA SP-468, by Laurence K. Loftin, Jr, NASA Scientific and Technical Information Branch, Washington, D.C. 1985. It traces the technical development of the airplane since World War I. It describes significant aircraft that incorporated important technical innovations and served to shape the future course of aeronautical development, as well as aircraft that represented the state of the art of aeronautical technology in a particular time frame or that were very popular and produced in great numbers. Primary emphasis has been placed on aircraft originating in the United States. The discussion is related primarily to aircraft configuration evolution and associated aerodynamic characteristics and, to a lesser extent, to developments in aircraft construction and propulsion. The material is presented in a manner designed to appeal to the nontechnical reader who is interested in the evolution of the airplane, as well as to students of aeronautical engineering or others with an aeronautical background. The full text is available in HTML format.
QuikSCAT : Quick Scatterometer
QuikSCAT mission is intended to record sea-surface wind speed and direction data under all weather and cloud conditions over Earth's oceans. QuikSCAT was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, aboard a Titan II vehicle. The mission science objectives; spacecraft and instrument description; measurements; and news updates are available from this website.
Radio 4 Commemorates D-Day
Radio Four web site dedicated to the sixtieth anniversary of D-Day. It contains information on the D-Day season programme schedule and links to listen to the programmes again. There is a section on the People's D-Day, which tells the story of the people who contributed to and experienced D-Day and its build up first hand. There is also a collection of audio clips of historic Second World War broadcasts, and the 1959 BBC Radio broadcast of Dawn of D-Day which featured interviews with British and American servicemen who experienced the Normandy landings.
Remembering Columbia STS-107
This website presents detailed description and investigation of the catastrophic failure of the Columbia Space Shuttle on February 1, 2003, which led to the loss of all its seven crew members approximately 15 minutes before the shuttle was scheduled to touch down at the Kennedy Space Centre. The site covers information about the Columbia Shuttle; biographies and profiles of the crew members; accident related events timeline; documents pertinent to the accident and investigation; and Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) recommendations. There is also a link to an image gallery and bibliography.
RHESSI : Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager
RHESSI is a NASA Small Explorer and was launched on February 5, 2002. RHESSI's primary mission is to explore the basic physics of particle acceleration and explosive energy release in solar flares. The quick science and technical facts about the RHESSI explorer are available from this site. The website also provides news updates; instrument and spacecraft desriptions; and presentations and publications. Links are available to related resources.
Roberts Armory is a travelling exhibition of US artillery and military vehicles from the Second World War. This site provides images and historical information of the vehicles in the collection, plus details of magazines and links to other related sites. The images of the collection include museum exhibits, musical collections, restoration technology, research and development, the 70th Tank Battalion, World War Two reenacting and World War Two archives.
Robotics at Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego
This web site describes robot and robotics activities at the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego. SSC San Diego, and its predecessor organisations have been involved in various aspects of robotics since the early 1960's. There are currently two groups involved in robotics research: Advanced Systems Division (Code D37): land and air robots; and The Ocean Systems Division (Code D74): underwater robots. The site contains information on UAV programmes including: Multipurpose Surveillance and Security Mission Platform (MSSMP) (formerly the Air Mobile Ground Security and Surveillance System (AMGSSS)) and Airborne Remotely Operated Device (AROD). The MSSMP description provides links to a number of full text papers, which are available online.
Rolls-Royce : Education and Training : How a Gas Turbine Works
This introduction to gas turbine technology is one of the information resources that Rollys-Royce has devised for schools. The site provides a general introduction and quick guide to how a gas turbine works. A breakdown of an engine is included complete with a brief description and illustration of each module. The passage of an air particle through an engine is examined through a short video (56 K Modem and Broadband). An illustrated booklet titled The Modern Gas Turbine: How it Works and How It's Built is available for viewing online or for downloading (pdf, 1.2mb).
Royal Aeronautical Society Human Factors Group
The Human Factors Group of the Royal Aeronautical Society was formed from the former Crew Resource Management (CRM) Group in 1994. It aims at improving the standards of safety in aviation by promoting better industry understanding of human factors hazards and techniques for dealing with them, by arranging a programme of lectures, conferences, position papers, publications and visits etc. The website offers a host of information resources which include details of various Human Factors Groups like Standing Groups (CRM, ATC, Engineering Maintenance etc.) and their activites like research work, publications and conferences. There are also links to previous conference proceedings and access is available to some of the papers and presentations. There is also a section from which information booklets and reports can be dowloaded in PDF format. Link is also available to Airbus Safety Briefing Online Library. The website also has a discussion forum, but it requires registration for access.
The Saab Group is an international company specialising in aviation, space and defence. The site describes the companies business units, and provides investor information, key financial statistics, details of job opportunities. A searchable database of all products produced by the Saab Group is available. This includes the Gripen fighter, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), and the Saab 340 and 2000 family of commercial aircraft. There is also a publications database which provides access to the annual report, brochures and the in-house magazine. Documents are available in PDF format. In addition, there is a history of the Saab company, contact details, information on the press releases, as well as an image and a movie bank.
Scientific Balloons : Balloon Program Office
The Wallops Flight Facility, Virginia launches an average of 25 scientific balloons each year. Balloons are launched routinely from the National Scientific Balloon Facility in Palestine, Texas and the Scientific Balloon Flight Facility in Ft. Sumner, New Mexico and some temporary sites. It manages the NASA Balloon Program, which offers capabilities and benefits for scientific research that cannot be duplicated by other methods and can carry a payload weighing as much as 8,000 pounds (3,630 kilograms). NASA flies three classes of balloons : Conventional, Long Duration Balloon (LDB) and Ultra Long Duration Balloon (ULDB). These classes include balloons with different designs. The site highlights these areas alongwith balloon operations and missions; current technologies and links to images gallery and related internet sources.
September 11 Digital Archive
This site was created by the American Social History Project / Center for Media and Learning at the City University of New York Graduate Center and the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University. It is an electronic media archive of the history of the 11th September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States of America. It contains first hand accounts from eyewitnesses of the attacks and the aftermath; still images, artworks, photographs and digital art related to the attacks; moving images and video clips of events; audio clips; documents which includes flyers, reports, and interviews; and a portal to online resources and websites.
Skyline Aviation Photo Agency : Peter Steinemann's Military Aviation Images
Peter Steinemann's Photo Gallery. Includes Mixed Formation Photography, Close Formation Flying and air to air photography of jets, props and helicopters in a wide variety of flying manoeuvres.
SOFIA : Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
The is a weblink to SOFIA, which is the NASA and the DLR, German Aerospace Center collaboration project. SOFIA is an airborne observatory that will study the universe in the infrared spectrum. The website consists of a variety of resources related to the project including the project background information, science objectives and intstruments, the SOFIA aircraft, SOFIA mission schedule, a section on information for researchers and FAQs. There is a link to the articles on SOFIA mission and its predecessor, the Kuiper Airborne Observatory. The articles are available in PDF form. There is also a link to the multimedia gallery which has a host of pictures of SOFIA mission. The news section is also available and consists of the latest updates of SOFIA mission.
Space.com is a website devoted to news items about space. This includes spaceflight, space science, technology, entertainment (films and TV programs on space), images, SETI (search for life), the night sky and business space news. The site contains an 'image of the day', an image gallery, message boards and a free email newsletter.
SpaceShipOne : Tier One Private Manned Space Program
Tier One project, by Scaled Composites, is the world's first privately funded manned space program and this site provides information on SpaceShipOne and its carrier aircraft White Knight. Information on the site covers the latest news, test logs (with details from every flight, press releases, photographs and FAQs.
This project is based at the University of Arizona's Lunar and Planetary Laboratory. The aim of the project is to investigate small objects in the solar system, and study the statistics of asteroids and comets in order to explore the evolution of the solar system. The site provides background information to the project including a history, latest news, information on discoveries, pictures, the telescopes and details of selected publications.
The Spitzer Space Telescope (formerly SIRTF, the Space Infrared Telescope Facility)is a space-borne, cryogenically-cooled infrared observatory capable of studying objects ranging from our Solar System to the distant reaches of the Universe. It was launched into space by a Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida on 25 August 2003. During its 2.5-year mission, Spitzer will obtain images and spectra by detecting the infrared energy, or heat, radiated by objects in space between wavelengths of 3 and 180 microns (1 micron is one-millionth of a meter). Spitzer will be the final mission in NASA's Great Observatories Program - a family of four orbiting observatories, each observing the Universe in a different kind of light (visible, gamma rays, X-rays, and infrared). Other missions in this program include the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO), and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory(CXO). Spitzer is also a part of NASA's Astronomical Search for Origins Program, designed to provide information which will help us understand our cosmic roots, and how galaxies, stars and planets develop and form. This website provides information about the mission history, science and spacecraft technology and mission current status. There is a news gallery which consists of host of images and videos related to the spacecraft hardware, launch and collected data. Links are also available to feature articles and news updates.
Stardust : Bringing Cosmic History to Earth
This is the site for NASA's Discovery mission 'Stardust'. The aim of the mission is to collect particles from Comet Wild 2 using a material called aerogel. The site provides a history and overview of the mission, frequently asked questions (FAQ), information about comets themselves and factsheets and models in PDF format. In addition, there is a latest news facility and a gallery containing images relevant to the project including launch and mission photographs.
Stardust : NASA's Comet Sample Return Mission
Stardust is the first U.S. space mission dedicated solely to the exploration of a comet, and the first robotic mission designed to return extraterrestrial material from outside the orbit of the Moon. The Stardust spacecraft was launched on February 7, 1999, from Cape Canaveral Air Station, Florida, aboard a Delta II rocket. The primary goal of Stardust is to collect dust and carbon-based samples during its closest encounter with Comet Wild 2 - pronounced "Vilt 2" after the name of its Swiss discoverer - is a rendezvous scheduled to take place in January 2004, after nearly four years of space travel. This website brings together wealth of information about the mission like mission timeline; mission current status; and spacecraft and instrument details. There is also background information available about the mission goals and science objectives. Links are available to news updates, reference publications and sites and other educational resources. There is also an image gallery which has spacecraft and mission pictures.
STEREO : Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Mission
The STEREO (Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory) is the third mission in NASA's Solar Terrestrial Probes program (STP). It is a 2-year mission employing two nearly identical observatories to provide 3-D measurements of the Sun to study the nature of coronal mass ejections. This site consists of the background information of the mission; details of the spacecraft, instruments and launch schedule; news sections about the current status of the mission; learning centre; gallery of images of the mission; and links to related resources.
Swift Gamma Ray Burst Explorer
Although gamma ray bursts are the largest known explosions in the Universe, outshining the rest of the Universe when they explode unpredictably in distant galaxies, their underlying nature and the cause of the explosion are true mysteries of astrophysics. Swift, a US, UK and Italian collaboration project, is a three-telescope space observatory for studying the position, brightness, and physical properties of gamma ray bursts. Within seconds of detecting a burst, Swift will relay a burst's location to ground stations, allowing both ground-based and space-based telescopes around the world the opportunity to observe the burst's afterglow. Swift is part of NASA's medium explorer (MIDEX) program and was launched into a low-Earth orbit on a Delta 7320 rocket on November 20, 2004. The site provides the background information about the Swift telescope. Information is also available on Swift results and latest updates. There are links to operations and timelines; supporting information about Swift science objectives and other educational resources.
The Art of War
Provided by the National Archives to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War, this online exhibition contains propaganda images and illustrations commissioned by the Ministry of Information. The site contains illustrations from books, comics, magazines and caricatures; propaganda on the home front and for the fighting forces and allies; and pieces illustrating gallantry and valour of armed forces. It is also possible to view works produced by certain artists and there is an archive of film footage which can be viewed online using Quicktime.
The Fighter Collection
The Fighter Collection operates, rebuilds and maintains Europe's largest collection of airworthy WWII aircraft. These are available for air shows, films and television and the Web site gives booking details. The site also provides a news archive, information about airworthy aircraft including photographs and links to related news items, as well as details of current restoration projects.
The Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS)
SWAS is one of NASA's Small Explorer Program (SMEX) missions. The overall goal of the mission is to gain a greater understanding of star formation by determining the composition of interstellar clouds and establishing the means by which these clouds cool as they collapse to form stars and planets. It was launched into low Earth orbit on December 05, 1998. The SWAS Science Operations Center is located at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massachusetts. This website brings together information about the mission like spacecraft and instrument details, satellite current status, and images and photos. There is a link to reference publications and other educational resources.
The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)
This project is a collaboration between the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC). The aim of the project is to scan the entire sky in three near-infrared bands to detect and characterise point sources brighter than 1 mJy in each band with signal-to-noise ratio greater than 10. This site provides background information, documentation, an image gallery and survey data processing information.
Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) - Earth Probe (EP)
The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer, launched in July 1996 onboard an Earth Probe Satellite (TOMS/EP), continues NASA's long-term daily mapping of the global distribution of the Earth's atmospheric ozone. The TOMS instrument has mapped in detail the global ozone distribution as well as the Antarctic "ozone hole," which forms September through November of each year. In addition to ozone, TOMS measures sulfur dioxide released in volcanic eruptions. The extremely high quality of TOMS ozone data has also helped scientists in detecting a small but steady long-term damage to the ozone layer over several parts of the globe, including most of the heavily populated areas in the northern mid-latitudes. This website brings together information on the TRMM mission, spacecraft and instrument details, and plots of measured data. There are links available to images and video, educational resources and reference publications.
TRACE : Transition Region And Coronal Explorer
The Transition Region and Coronal Explorer is a NASA Small Explorer (SMEX) mission to image the solar corona and transition region at high angular and temporal resolution. The TRACE spacecraft was launched on a Pegasus launch vehicle from Vandenberg Air Force Base in April 1998. The TRACE project maintains an Open Data Policy and current data are available from this site. The site also provides information about TRACE mission background; spacecraft and instrument details; operations information; news updates; and TRACE image and movie gallery.
Trenches on the Web : Reference Library
Detailed site containing information about World War One. Features includes a timeline; biographies of leaders; essays submitted by historians and students; maps of the regions, battles and theatres of operation; a photograph archive featuring pictures and information on equipment, Gallipoli, the Somme and Ypres.
Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) is a joint mission between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) designed to monitor and study tropical rainfall. TRMM is particularly devoted to determining rainfall in the tropics and subtropics of the earth. These regions make up about two thirds of the total rainfall on Earth and are responsible for driving our weather and climate system. This website provides information on the mission details, spacecraft and instrument description, news updates and images and videos. There are also links available to educational resources and reference publications.
U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Image Archive
Includes images of projects, satellites, and logos and patches of the AFRL. Site links to the AFRL Headquarters and further information about AFRL organisations and technology transfer.
UARS : Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
UARS is the first spacecraft launched as part of NASA's systematic, comprehensive study of the Earth system. It was launched on 12 September 1991 and deployed in a near polar orbit on 15 September 1991 from the Space Shuttle Discovery. UARS, the first satellite dedicated to studying stratospheric science, focuses on the processes that lead to ozone depletion, complementing and amplifying the measurements of total ozone made by the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) onboard NASA's Nimbus-7 and the Russian Meteor-3 satellites. UARS also measures winds and temperatures in the stratosphere as well as the energy input from the Sun. In its first two weeks of operation, UARS data confirmed the polar ozone-depletion theories by providing three-dimensional maps of ozone and chlorine monoxide near the South Pole during development of the 1991 ozone hole. UARS, developed and managed by GSFC, in Greenbelt, Md., provides information that nations around the world can use to guide decisions on environmental policies, according to scientists. UARS was designed to last 18 months, but parts of it are still operational. The United Kingdom and Canada both provided instruments for this mission. This website provides a detailed description of UARS project including information about its instruments; movies and images; project's current status; data plots; orbital information; and UARS brochure and link to publications and reference material.
Ulysses is a joint NASA and ESA mission to study the sun at all altitudes. ESA provided the spacecraft and NASA provided the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG), the launch vehicle, the payload assist module and is providing data reception via deep space network. The Shuttle Discovery launched the Ulysses spacecraft on October 6, 1990. To reach high solar latitudes, the spacecraft was aimed close to Jupiter so that Jupiter's large gravitational field would accelerate Ulysses out of the ecliptic plane to high latitudes. After more than 12 years in flight, Ulysses has returned a wealth of data that has led to a much broader understanding of the Global Structure of the Sun's environment-the heliosphere. This website brings together mission information; science and spacecraft details; and image and photo gallery. There is a link to news updates and information resources.
United Nations Cartographic Section
This site provides access to general maps, a map library and the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) maps. The DPKO maps include ongoing peacekeeping missions, the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), UN Missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo (UNMIBH and UNMIK) and the Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM). There are also links to the latest information on these missions from the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO).
United States Transportation Command
This organisation unites the Air Mobility Command, Military Sealift Command and the Military Traffic Management Command. The site gives details about USTRANSCOM's organisation, mission and history and links to the individual sites of each command. It also provides a photo archive; top stories which include news, annual reports, Congressional testimonies and a news and video archive; and biographies of people involved in the command. It is also possible to access full text publications produced by USTRANSCOM and the Department of Defense relating to transportation command and mobility.
Urban Operations Journal
Maintained by Dave Dilegge, a former urban operations analyst for the United States Marine Corps, the site provides information on urban military operations. The site contains full text documents relating to Military Operations on Urbanised Terrain (MOUT) doctrine and Tactics Techniques and Procedures (TTP). There is also documentation on current and future technologies, links to sites on operations in different countries, an image library and glossary.
Flash guide to urban warfare produced by BBC News, which uses graphics and text to provide an overview of the tactics and strategy behind attacking a city, defending a house and the history of combat in cities.
Vertical Reference : Your Online Helicopter Resource
Created and designed by a helicopter pilot this website aims to help all of members of the helicopter world through the professional exchange of information in all aspects of the helicopter industry. The site provides information ranging from learning to fly through to job vacancies, photo galleries (to which you can add photos), industry news, helicopter links and government links. Services are also provides such as a forum and chat, email, online store and free downloads.
Video on the UK Aerospace, Defence and Security Industry
This is an SBAC produced video which outlines the future direction of the UK aerospace, defence and security industry. It lasts for 3 minutes and 42 seconds.
This site from NASA provides a maintained, central point of access to a searchable directory of images, visualisations and animations of the Earth. It can also be browsed by subject, satellite or sensor, and location. The images can be used freely if credit is given to NASA and are available in several different formats.
This is the web site of Volvo Aero, a company that develops and manufactures high technology components for aircraft, rocket and gas turbines. The site describes its products, and gives some technical data. It also gives information about the services it can provide, provides press releases and an image bank. This is organised into categories including engine components, military, space and industrial gas turbines. The full text of a book entitled 'Aerospace Propulsion : From Insects to Spaceflight is also available, as is the full text of Aero Magazine, the in-house journal.
WMAP : Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe
WMAP is NASA Explorer mission measuring the temperature of the cosmic background radiation over the full sky with unprecedented accuracy. The WMAP mission reveals conditions as they existed in the early universe by measuring the properties of the cosmic microwave background radiation over the full sky. This microwave radiation was released approximately 380,000 years after the birth of the universe. WMAP creates a picture of the microwave radiation using temperature difference measured from opposite directions (anisotropy). WMAP was launched in June of 2001 and has made a map of the temperature fluctuations of the CMB (Cosmic Microwave Background) radiation with much higher resolution, sensitivity, and accuracy than NASA's earlier satellite COBE(Cosmic Background Explorer). This site provides in depth information about the mission, spacecraft and instrument details, current status and image gallery of collected data. Background information and news updates are also available.
World War II Multimedia Database
Originally compiled as a thesis project at Fordham University by Jason McDonald, this site contains photographs and video clips from the Second World War. The site can be searched or browsed by year. Each year provides a summary of events and is broken down into the Pacific War and the European War. The major battles and campaigns are then listed which can be selected to view image and video galleries, internal and external links to further sites of interest, and recommended bibliographies for further reading. The site includes collections on the prelude to war, the Sino-Japanese War, the Invasion of Poland, the Battle of France, the Battle of Britain, the Battle of the Atlantic, North Africa, Operation Market Garden, the Holocaust and the post war period.
World War II Timeline
Provided by Steve Schoenherr, Professor of History at the University of San Diego, this site provides a breakdown of the history of the Second World War from 1917 to its end in 1945. The site provides a summary of key events during each period, images, maps and documents. There is also an extensive links section which provides access to key web sites on the development of the atom bomb, aviation, battles, documents, espionage, archives, propaganda and personal narratives.
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